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Dubai Lawyers Answering Key Questions of the Labor Act

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We explore the complexities of the Labor Act in Dubai in this in-depth review, highlighting its critical function in governing employment relations in the city. Ensuring a healthy work environment requires both companies and employees to navigate the constantly changing terrain of labor rules. As we begin this investigation, our goal is to answer a variety of frequently asked questions about the Labor Act in Dubai, providing clarification and an understanding of its main features. A list of frequently asked questions and their brief responses will be available soon; it will be a helpful tool for anyone looking to learn more about the employment landscape in this energetic city.

FAQs – Labor Act in Dubai  Overview

What is the UAE Labour Law?

The UAE Labour Law refers to rules and regulations governing the relationship between employers and employees, established in Federal Law No. 8 On the Organisation of Labour Relations in the UAE.

What does the UAE Labour Law cover?

It covers various aspects of employment, including wages, employment contracts, working hours, leaves, benefits, termination, and workplace safety.

What are the types of employment contracts in the private sector?

Private-sector contracts can be full-time, part-time, temporary, flexible, remote, or job-sharing. The latest law emphasizes fixed-term contracts.

What is the significance of fixed-term contracts?

Fixed-term contracts are now the norm in the UAE, offering flexibility for employers and employees. They can be renewed or extended based on mutual agreement.

How does the probation period work in the private sector?

The probation period in the UAE can’t exceed six months. If terminated during probation, a 14-day notice is required. Employees changing jobs must provide a one-month notice.

What are the professional levels defined by the Ministry of Human Resources?

The Ministry defines nine professional levels, ranging from legislators and managers to simple professions, each with specific criteria, including education and salary.

What are the working hours in the private sector?

Private sector working hours are either 8 hours per day or 48 hours per week, with exceptions for specific economic sectors. During Ramadan, working hours are reduced by 2.

Is overtime allowed in the private sector?

Yes, employers can request overtime, not exceeding two hours a day. Overtime pay includes regular remuneration plus a percentage, which increases for work between 10 pm and 4 am.

How are public sector working hours structured?

Public sector working hours vary among emirates but generally include a four-and-a-half-day workweek. The official weekend differs between Emirates.

What types of leave are available in the private sector?

Employees in the private sector are entitled to annual leave, sick leave, study leave, maternity leave, parental leave, compassionate leave, leave to complete Hajj, and Umrah leave.

How is sick leave structured in the private sector?

Sick leave is available for more than 90 days a year, with varying pay rates for different periods. Employees must provide timely notification and a medical report.

What are the rules for maternity leave in the UAE?

Female workers are entitled to 60 days of maternity leave, with 45 days fully paid and 15 days half-paid. Additional unpaid leave is available if needed.

Is there parental leave in the private sector?

Yes, private sector employees are entitled to a five-working-day parental leave, starting from the day of the child’s birth to six months.

What are the public holidays in the UAE?

Public holidays include the Gregorian New Year, Eid Al Fitr, Arafat Day Eid Al Adah, Hijra New Year, Prophet Mohammed’s birthday, and National Day, with specific days off.

How are wages paid in the private sector?

Employers must pay wages through the Wages Protection System. Salaries can be in Emirati Dirham or any other currency agreed upon in the employment contract.

Is there a minimum wage defined by the UAE Labour Law?

The UAE Labour Law doesn’t currently specify a minimum wage. However, salaries should cover basic needs, as per the law.

What happens in case of unpaid or delayed salaries?

Complaints regarding unpaid or delayed salaries can be reported to the Ministry of Human Resources and Emiratisation (MoHRE) for resolution.

Are employees entitled to gratuity in the private sector?

Yes, employees with one year or more of continuous service are entitled to gratuity upon contract termination, calculated based on specific criteria.

What are the rules for workplace health and safety?

Employers must provide a safe work environment. Certain restrictions apply to construction and industrial work during summer months to ensure employee safety.

Are non-compete restrictions allowed in employment contracts?

Yes, the UAE Labour Law permits non-compete restrictions, but they must be limited and defined in terms of time, place, and the nature of work, not exceeding two years.


Our platform connects clients with lawyers in Dubai, aiming to provide general guidance. However, legal circumstances vary, and the content may not capture all case nuances. The information shared is not legal advice; we recommend seeking personalized legal consultation. We facilitate connections with experienced professionals, but any reliance on the information is at your own risk. Engaging with our services indicates your acknowledgment, and we encourage consulting qualified legal professionals for precise guidance on law matters.

Looking for expert guidance on navigating the complexities of the Labor Act in Dubai? Our team of experienced labour lawyers in Dubai is here to clarify and answer all your employment-related questions. Whether you’re an employer or an employee, understanding your rights and obligations under the UAE Labour Law is crucial for a harmonious work environment. Contact our dedicated team of employment lawyers in Dubai today to ensure that you have the knowledge and support you need for a smooth and compliant journey in the city’s dynamic landscape of labor regulations.

If you’re seeking reliable advice and assistance regarding the Labor Act in Dubai, trust the expertise of our labour lawyers. As seasoned employment lawyers in Dubai, we specialize in interpreting and applying the UAE Labour Law to various workplace scenarios. Whether you need assistance with contract negotiations, dispute resolution, or general legal guidance, our team is ready to help. Don’t navigate the complexities of employment law alone—reach out to our labour lawyers in Dubai for comprehensive and personalized support tailored to your specific needs.

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